Naka lab

CiRA, Kyoto Univ.

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[共同研究成果]ヒトiPS細胞由来のドーパミン作動性ニューロンは霊長類パーキンソン病モデルにおいて機能する

高橋淳研究室の菊池先生が筆頭著者の論文が発表されました。CiRAホームページで詳細が出ましたらリンクします。

詳細はこちら

Human iPS cell-derived dopaminergic neurons function in a primate Parkinson’s disease model

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) are a promising source for a cell-based therapy to treat Parkinson’s disease (PD), in which midbrain dopaminergic neurons progressively degenerate1, 2. However, long-term analysis of human iPS cell-derived dopaminergic neurons in primate PD models has never been performed to our knowledge. Here we show that human iPS cell-derived dopaminergic progenitor cells survived and functioned as midbrain dopaminergic neurons in a primate model of PD (Macaca fascicularis) treated with the neurotoxin MPTP. Score-based and video-recording analyses revealed an increase in spontaneous movement of the monkeys after transplantation. Histological studies showed that the mature dopaminergic neurons extended dense neurites into the host striatum; this effect was consistent regardless of whether the cells were derived from patients with PD or from healthy individuals. Cells sorted by the floor plate marker CORIN did not form any tumours in the brains for at least two years. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography were used to monitor the survival, expansion and function of the grafted cells as well as the immune response in the host brain. Thus, this preclinical study using a primate model indicates that human iPS cell-derived dopaminergic progenitors are clinically applicable for the treatment of patients with PD.

  • Tetsuhiro Kikuchi,
  • Asuka Morizane,
  • Daisuke Doi,
  • Hiroaki Magotani,
  • Hirotaka Onoe,
  • Takuya Hayashi,
  • Hiroshi Mizuma,
  • Sayuki Takara,
  • Ryosuke Takahashi,
  • Haruhisa Inoue,
  • Satoshi Morita,
  • Michio Yamamoto,
  • Keisuke Okita,
  • Masato Nakagawa,
  • Malin Parmar
  • Jun Takahashi

Nature548,592–596doi:10.1038/nature23664

 

同時にNature communications誌に同研究室、森実先生の論文も出ております。

MHC matching improves engraftment of iPSC-derived neurons in non-human primates

The banking of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-homozygous-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) is considered a future clinical strategy for HLA-matched cell transplantation to reduce immunological graft rejection. Here we show the efficacy of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-matched allogeneic neural cell grafting in the brain, which is considered a less immune-responsive tissue, using iPSCs derived from an MHC homozygous cynomolgus macaque. Positron emission tomography imaging reveals neuroinflammation associated with an immune response against MHC-mismatched grafted cells. Immunohistological analyses reveal that MHC-matching reduces the immune response by suppressing the accumulation of microglia (Iba-1+) and lymphocytes (CD45+) into the grafts. Consequently, MHC-matching increases the survival of grafted dopamine neurons (tyrosine hydroxylase: TH+). The effect of an immunosuppressant, Tacrolimus, is also confirmed in the same experimental setting. Our results demonstrate the rationale for MHC-matching in neural cell grafting to the brain and its feasibility in a clinical setting.

Nature Communications 8, Article number: 385(2017)

 

臨床応用に向けて研究も加速しているようです!!

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