Dr. Greg Bognar (Senior Lecturer in Practical Philosophy at Stockholm University, Sweden)
演題：If it looks like a sheep, then it’s a sheep: Sources of confusion in bioethical arguments
Biomedical advances are often controversial both among bioethicists and the general public. For instance, the ethical issues raised by genetic engineering, stem cell research, or human reproductive cloning have been debated for years. Some of the best known objections to these technologies are notably alarmist: they warn that their use can destroy human nature, violate the equal moral status of persons as autonomous beings, express inappropriate attitudes towards people and the rest of nature, and so on. What is remarkable about many of these objections is how poor, philosophically speaking, they are: often built from question-begging premises, confused concepts, and unstated, implausible assumptions.
My talk, however, is not about adding to the already substantial critical literature on these sorts of objections. Instead, I want to ask a different question: why is it that otherwise thoughtful people are prone to make such poor arguments when it comes to bioethical debates? I suggest this is not an accident: these issues mobilize deep-seated biases and core intuitions with which humans approach the world. I identify several of these and argue that awareness of them can contribute to progress on the ethics of new technologies.